The cello has four strings C, G, D, and A, in ascending order of thickness, which are tuned in perfect fifths. The low C on the cello corresponds to two octaves below the middle C on the piano. The cello can be tuned using pegs or fine tuners.
There are three different types of tuning the cello:
Using 5th relationship: 5th interval has a very special and constant sound and the two strings ring together in harmony; this one is intuitive, and it takes time and patience
Pythagorean method: It's tuning with using harmonics; by dividing the strings into half and also third; It's mostly useful for sitting in an orchestra
Equal tempered: If you're a beginner don't sweat and use a tuner for tuning your strings
Tips for tuning:
You can use different tuning app for string instruments by searching in play store and App Store. The one that I am using is called Soundcorset tuner and Pano Tuner which are really good for string instruments.
While tuning with pegs remember to push as you twist
Don't forget to do it in the right octave
An easy example for tuning with fine tuners is that if you want to go up, screw the tuners towards the higher string and if you're going to tune it down, move it towards the lower string and stop turning when you see its green in your tuner application
Good luck and don't be frightened when the instrument made a noise, it's just adjusting itself!
If you still need more information about tuning your cello, make sure to contact our professional team at Azars' Music School to help you through challenges and take advantage of our free consultation.